Philosophy for Children
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P4C (Philosophy for Children) is an approach to learning and learning that was founded by Professor Matthew Lipman.  P4C has developed over 35 years, and is practised in approximately 60 countries.

Children are taught how to create their own philosophical questions. They then choose one question that is the focus of a philosophical enquiry, or dialogue.  For example the question might be 'is it ever ok to steal?  

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Weekly Philosophy at St. Matthew's Catholic Primary School
There will be a philisophical question every week newsletter for children to discuss with their parents at home. Please have a chat about it and let Mr Edwards know your thoughts.


We used this picture of a Fairy Liquid bottle that washed up in Scotland after 60 years a stimulus. We discussed if all of our actions have consequences or if our actions don’t really matter.
Global Week
In 'Global Week' we have been discussing where out food comes from. Our discussion was based around whether it was better to buy local food or food that had been imported.
A Visit from Parliament
Dan Carden the Liverpool Walton MP came in to visit us and tell us about how the people in parliament debate different issues that affect us.
Year 5 have been studying Rainforests and using 'The Great Kapok Tree' as a stimulus they decided to discuss: 'What would a world be like with no trees?'
The Present
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Watching this film gave Year 6 a number of issues to discuss. Some of the themes were, loneliness, solitude and isolation. As well as companionship, togetherness and solidarity.

The dialogue that was chosen was, 'Do we all have something in common, even if you can't see in initially?'

Some of our final thoughts included.

"You might be scared to play with someone because of what others might say but deep down we are all the same on the inside."

"Excluding people can be just as harmful as calling them names so we need to make sure they are included"

"Just because you might have a disability in one way does not mean you don't make up for it in other ways."

Macbeth P4C
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We have been studying Macbeth and discussing some of the issues that arrise in the play. The main ones that we identified were motivation, ambition and greed.
The diologue we decided on was, "Can you have too much ambition?"
Some of our final thoughts were.
"There is nothing wrong with ambition, as long as you focus on doing  the right thing."
"Ultimately people are greedy and they will always want more that they have. So ambition can be a bad thing."
"We all need to be ambitious or as a human race we will not be able to progress."
Pupil Voice 
Here are some of the things that the children in St. Matthew's have thought about philosophy this term.
"Philosophy can help you to be a caring thinker by listening to other peoples opinions even if they are different from out own."
"We have to work collaboratively to come up with questions to talk about. Sometimes we combine our questions to make a better one."
"I like that I can be creative in philosophy because listening to other people might change my opinion on what I thought and I get to come up with some new ideas."
"Philosophy has taught me that if I don't think the same as someone else I can still be their friend.
"Sometimes you have to be critical of other people because you don't agree with what they are saying. But that's alright as long as you do it in a caring way." 
"P4C helped me think about my feeling for art when we studied Frida Khalo the Mexican artist."
"I like thinking about how the world might change in the future when we used P4C in science."
"We looked at family life in RE and P4C helped us to think about how and why family life isn't always perfect."
Anti Bullying Week
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We looked at the story 'The Frog and the Stranger' as part of Anti Bullying week.  Some of the issues that arose from the story were, isolation, judging others and  being mean to others. 
The dialogue we chose was, 'Why don't people take the time to get to know people on the inside?'
Ruby thought that some people try to get others to bully because they feel better when they are part of a gang. But we should be more like the frog and stand up for the things we believe in and make sure that everyone is treated in the same way. 
World War II 
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We looked at Neville Chamberlin's speech declaring war on Germany at the start of World War II. 
The dialogue we decided on was 'Can a war ever be justified if innocent people die?'
Performance Poetry Philosophy 
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After listening to the poem 'Can We Auto-Correct humanity?' We decided to dialogue the question, 'Would life be happier without technology?'
Jak said that using technology is unavoidable in life today but sometimes people need to leave it alone for a while and enjoy other things such as nature.
Chloe thought that if we took all technology away then we wouldn't be happy because we wouldn't be able to contact each other as easily. 
Lexi disagreed and said that if we didn't have technology we would just have to find other ways to communicate like people did in the past.
Science Week
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We watched the this video as a stimulus for our P4C lesson. We thought about how the planet is changing over time and how it might change in the future.
The question we decided to debate was 'What if we keep destroying wildlife?'
Here are some of our thoughts.
As part of our performance poetry unit we have been looking at Prince Ea's poem 'Can We Autocorrect Humanity?'
We used this as a stimulus and debated the question 'Would we be happier without technology?'
Hands of Friendship
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The children in Year 2 enjoyed their 'hands of friendship' themed philosophy lesson, using the book 'Stick and Stone' as a stimulus.
Our question was 'Do you always need a friend if you are alone?'
Year 4 watched ‘The Present’ by Jacob Frey as a stimulus. Then we discussed some issues that had arisen from the video. In groups, we generated some questions for our discussion. The overall question we discussed was, “Can anyone or anything be a friend?” We wrote down our first and last thoughts. We agreed that pets can sometimes be our best friends too!
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Year 5 looked at some different concept collision activities deciding what the most important qualities of a friend are.
We decided that the most important qualities were being kind and being trustworthy.
After watching a film about a girl who struggles to keep friends as a stimulus (, we decided to ask the question, "If you let your friend win all the time how would this affect them in later life?" 
Here are some final words...
Marine Pollution Philosophy
In Geography we decided to debate the question, 'Would life be different if there were no marine life left?'
At first we thought there wouldn't be much change for us, then we realised that lots of areas of life would be effected such as where we go on holiday, the food we eat and how healthy we are.
Family P4C in Year 4
Class 4F were looking at family life in RE. They chose the question 'Why is family life not always perfect?'
Harry thinks that we express our feelings when we are feeling happy so why can't we express them when we are feeling sad as well.
What do we need to be happy?
Year 5 agreed that the things we need to be happy could not be bought, such as love, family and friends. They decided that things like cars, computers and television were nice but we could still be happy without them.
Philosophy in Key Stage 2
'The Fairest Teacher'
Philosophy in Key Stage 1
'No, David' by David Shannon
'what would it be like if adults could never say NO?'
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Take a look at some of our Philosophy displays around school...